Perceived Parental Aceptance-Rejection and its Relation with Depression and Self Esteem in Patients with Substance Abuse
PERCEIVED PARENTAL ACCEPTANCE-REJECTION AND ITS RELATION WITH DEPRESSION AND SELF ESTEEM IN PATIENTS WITH SUBSTANCE ABUSE DISORDER
Hira Tufail1, Saima Majeed2, Altaf Qadir Khan3
1University of Sargoda, Canal Campus. Lahore.
3 Associate Professor, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.
Corresponding Authors: Saima Majeed Saimamajeed57@yahoo.com & Altaf Qadir Khan
Objective: The existing research aimed to investigate the relationship between Perceived Parental Acceptance-Rejection, depression and self -esteem in patients with Substance related Addictive Disorder.
Study Design: It was a correlational study followed cross sectional research design.
Place and Duration of Study: The study completed within 12 months and data were drawn from Psychiatric departments of six different Govt. Hospitals of Lahore.
Subjects and Methods: The sample of 100 participants with Substance Abuse Disorder diagnosed according to DSM-IV-TR Criteria were included in the study. Urdu version of Perceived Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, Siddiqui Shah Depression Scale and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale Urdu Translated Version were administered to measure the variables.
Results: Results revealed that there is significant relationship between Perceived Parental Acceptance-Rejection, depressive symptoms and self-esteem in patients with substance abuse disorder. There is significant negative relationship between SSDS and SES. SSDS and SES is a strong predictor of Mother’s rejection rather than Father’s rejection.
Conclusion: It is obvious from the results that those adults who perceived their mother’s as giving rejection in childhood were found to be more maladjusted as compared with those adults who perceived their mother’s as giving acceptance in childhood and they are more prone towards Depressive Symptoms and low Self Esteem.
Key Words: Parental Acceptance-Rejection, Depression, Self Esteem, Substance Abuse Disorder.