Impact of Parenting Styles on Self-Esteem and Depressive Symptomatology in Young Patients Suffering From Conversion Disorder

Journal:
April-June 2015 Volume 12(2)

Original Article

Author(s):
Nazish Imran, Sadia Hussain, Rabia Amjad
Page No:
18

Impact of Parenting Styles on Self-Esteem and Depressive Symptomatology in Young Patients Suffering From Conversion Disorder

Nazish Imran;1 Sadia Hussain;2 Rabia Amjad3

 

            1 MBBS; MRCPsych (London)

            Associate Professor

2,3 MSc Psychology (Punjab)

Intern Psychologist

Child & Family Psychiatry Department.

KEMU/Mayo Hospital, Lahore

Child & Family Psychiatry Department.

            King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital

            Lahore, Pakistan

 

CORRESPONDENCE: Dr Nazish Imran ;  nazishimrandr@gmail.com

 

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effect of perceived parenting practices on self-esteem and depressive symptoms in young patients with conversion disorder.

Study Design: Case control study.

Place and Duration of study: Study was conducted in the Department of Child & Family Psychiatry, King Edward Medical University/ Mayo Hospital, Lahore in duration of 6 months from August 2014 to January 2015.

Subjects and Methods: Sixty youngsters (30 cases & 30 age & gender matched controls) were recruited through purposive sampling. Demographic information form, Measure of Parental Style (MOPS), Short Mood and Feeling Questionnaire (SMFQ) & Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (SE) were used to collect data.

Results:

Mean age of the sample was 11 + 2.0 with majority of girls (>60%). In all sub scales of measure of parental style questionnaire (indifference, abusive and over control), scores were significantly higher in the case group than control group for both mother and father, indicating more faulty perceived parenting styles of the parents of children with conversion disorder. Young patients with conversion symptoms had significantly higher depressive symptomatology and lower self-esteem as compared with control group. MFQ (mood feeling questionnaire) was found to be positively correlated with all the subscales of MOPS (p < .01). Self-esteem was found to be negatively correlated with all the subscales of MOPS (p < .01). Self-esteem and MFQ were negatively correlated with each other's emphasizing that better self-esteem is linked with less depressive symptoms.

Conclusion:

Children and adolescents with conversion disorder reported worse perception of both mother’s & father’s parenting practices, more depressive symptomatology & low self-esteem as compared with the control group. Both maternal and paternal parenting appears to have significant impact on psychological adjustment in young people.

Key Words:

Parental practices, self-esteem, depression, children, youngsters